Internet provides a lot of information but it tends to be shallow. Useful information can be found in specialized data base but most of people do not use them. Libraries provide much more comprehensive information but not many people use it for blogging.
Nationalism and Immigration Policy: North and South
Department of Political Studies
University of Manitoba
R3T 5V5 Canada
In general, the North is continually brought closer to the South in terms of both freer trade and more direct flows of migrants, mainly from the South to the North. But while trade remains fairly open and western governments have negotiated various agreements to keep it so, migration is heavily restricted and regulated. Immigration rules and procedures have become less discriminatory and policies of multiculturalism or other means of accommodating culturally diverse people have been put in place throughout the North. But there continues to be a strong resentment of more open immigration policies by citizens in the North, regardless of the economic factors (most of which support the call for greater flows of immigrants). The principal reason that immigration remains such a highly controversial issue appears to be the continued strength of nationalist thought and sentiment among citizens of the Northern countries.
The main concerns with immigration continue to revolve around the fundamental role of the nation-state in providing security, maintaining sovereignty, ascribing citizenship, promoting identity, and providing a sense of belonging in a sociocultural sense. As long as nationalism remains strong, countries will resist opening the doors too wide to those who may challenge the majority understanding of the community and its national image.
Post-National Politics in Japan?:
The Immigrant Right to Vote
Choong Hoon Lee
Department of Political Science
New School for Social Research, NY.
“We do not think of aliens, legal or illegal, as being ‘disenfranchised,’ because we assume that voting must be based on nation-state citizenship. We do not even think of aliens having politics. They are here mainly for their physical survival
and our convenience: to work as janitors, domestics, nannies and drivers. They are here to scrape by, not govern. They inhabit Aristotle’s realm of private necessity rather than the space of public deliberation. We don’t pause to question the prevailing exclusion of aliens; they are meant to be ruled, not to share in
ruling (Raskin 1993, 433: cited from Varsanyi 2005). “
Human rights/civil rights
• Protection of life, liberty, and property
• Due process of law
• Rights of association in economy, civil society, and cultural life
• Freedom of speech and opinion
Social rights • Collective bargaining and trade unions
• Old age pensions
• Unemployment benefits
• Health care
• Housing/child care/educational subsides
• Schooling in own language
• Cultural and art subsidies
• Run for, hold, and vote for office at all levels (local, regional, and national)
• Establish political, civil, and cultural associations
• Military service
For example, the United States, France, Germany, and Japan have not extended the franchise to non-citizens. Canada, Australia, Spain, Italy, and the United Kingdom have done so, but only to very limited groups of immigrants. The Netherlands
and South Korea permit all legal immigrants to vote, although only in local elections.
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Nationalism and Multiculturalism in a World of Immigration
The contributions to this anthology address and refine the still emerging theoretical debates about multiculturalism, nationalism and immigration. They focus especially on multiculturalism and nationalism as factual consequences of, and normative responses to, immigration.
The unifying theme of the articles thus concerns the (lack of) normative significance of culture, both in arguments about how immigration and the resulting diversity should be handled, and as the object of political claims more generally. The contributions share a heightened and admirable sensitivity to the complexities of these issues. While most contributors believe that some form of multiculturalism follows from acceptance of liberal egalitarian principles, all qualify or question general models of multiculturalism and emphasize the mutuality of obligations.
Collectively, the authors show simple discussions of multiculturalism and nationalism to be implausible, while providing a range of examples showing how a theoretically more satisfactory kind of discussion of multiculturalism and nationalism might proceed. The anthology also offers a tidy, introductory overview of the field.
List of Contributors:
Simon Caney, Joseph Carens, Andreas Føllesdal, Nils Holtug, Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, Sune Lægaard, Samuel Scheffler, Daniel Weinstock.